Peru is a country characterized by its different cultural activities, which represent Quechua descent. Throughout the Peruvian territory many festivities are celebrated in commemoration of many historical figures and gods typical of indigenous descendants.

This multicultural town has two types of festivities typical of the region, these festivities are: religious holidays and civic parties. These two festivities differ because one corresponds directly to the different characters involved in the historical evolution of Peru and the other has to do with the different beliefs that the inhabitants of this region have.

Within the religious festivities of Peru is a beautiful commemoration held on August 1, which represents the Goddess of the earth or better known by her indigenous name as Pachamama.

Legend of the Pachamama

The history of this Goddess is directly linked to the Inca empire and from there her name is derived. Pachamama is a legend based on mythological bases that directly immerses Peru and other populations of Latin America, this goddess is considered a divine being who presents the earth and everything that is attached to it.

On the first of August of each year, Pachamama Day is celebrated where the original peoples of Inca history pay tribute by bringing cooked food and other drinks to their sanctuary. Pachamama represents the purity of the earth and how it is able to give man the bread that accompanies the table of the inhabitants of Latin America.

Many peoples combine this tradition with Catholic Christianity. Being this a ceremony practiced in several places and countries of Latin America, it is good to find out where this tradition came from and how it has been maintained for so long.

Legend has it that worshiping the goddess of the earth is a pleasant way to respect, thank and get closer to nature and make her in response to devotion to flourish constantly.

Each commemoration of Mother Earth is different and, therefore, varies according to each place where it is honored. In the town of Cusco this celebration receives the best accompaniment of the Andean region and the different foreigners who visit Peru only with the purpose of sharing this beautiful tradition that identifies many descendants of the Quechua language.

Cusco as a population of cultural traditions and festivities

The traditions of the Population of Cusco are very popular because thanks to its indigenous descent this town retains many religious beliefs such as Pachamama. In Cusco the different sanctuaries are frequent as a reason to honor each of the myths that have been passed from generation to generation.

Pachamama is one of the most important festivities of Cusco, this holiday represents a beautiful attraction for the inhabitants of the population and also for the different companions of other regions of Peru. Foreigners come from all over the world to be part of this holiday.

What does Pachamama represent for Cusco?

The celebration of Pachamama Day is an event of great importance for the Andean region and of course for the population of Cusco in general. This celebration brings together each inhabitant in the same feeling “Thank Mother Earth for her generosity with the Cusco people by allowing her to bring her daily livelihood to her family.”

The tribute that is made to mother earth to protect her fertility includes a set of rites made in honor of this etymological belief. Pachamama is considered one of the protectors of the Inca empire, so this culture believes that the mother earth being a Goddess protects each Cusqueño offering fertility in all crops planted in the region.

On this day it is forbidden for man to work the earth because, because of Cusco’s belief, the Goddess must rest and receive the different taxes brought by the people.

How is Pachamama day celebrated in Cusco?

With a pot of cooked food the inhabitants of Cusco approach with the purpose of honoring Mother Earth, these pots are buried as a symbol of offerings and subsequently smoked as a consecration of the tribute delivered.

Another highlight of the celebration in honor of Pachamama is that the pots are accompanied by coca leaves that are used for the different rituals done in honor of this Goddess.

This celebration is accompanied by many tourists who are attracted to this tradition that has transcended from generation to generation. What really symbolizes this rite for the population of Cusco is to give back a little of how much they have received from the land and also show their goddess what are the foods they do not want missing from the table in the coming years.

Coming to celebrate with the people of Cusco is an opportunity that tourists from all parts of the world can not miss because in one way or another we are all connected to Mother Earth and its surroundings. It is an honor for the population of Cusco to receive and share with other people this ancestral tradition characteristic of their region.