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Lima – History – Gastronomy

Lima-city-1

Lima the Capital of Peru, with near 8 million inhabitants is also known as the City of the kings. It was founded in 1535 by the Spanish conqueror Francisco Pizarro on the shores of the Pacific ocean. This modern metropolis has a great historical and cultural wealth as evidenced by its  pre-Hispanic, colonial and republican monuments. Its beautiful historic center was declared by UNESCO as cultural heritage of mankind and is composed of squares, churches, convents and colonial mansions. The Lima city now is  a modern and vibrant city where you will find excellent quality in tourist services such as hotels, shopping centers and restaurants of international fame.

  • Location: Lima is located in the central coast of Peru on the shores of the Pacific Ocean
  • Altitude: The Lima city is at 154 meters above sea level.
  • Climate: Summer (December – March) with an average temperature of 25 ºC and in winter from 12 to 15 ºC
  • Access: The main access by air is the Jorge Chavez international airport, located in the province of Callao at 40 minutes from the Lima downtown. By land is connected with many cities of the peruvian coast and countries such as Ecuador and Chile through the Panamericana highway, and to the east with some cities located in the peruvian highlands and jungle.

 

Lima Main Attractions

 

Plaza Mayor of Lima

Lima Main Square

Lima Main Square

The Lima Plaza de Armas is also known as the Plaza Mayor and is located in the heart of the historic center of Lima. This is the place where Francisco Pizarro founded the Lima city in the year of 1535. The historical plaza has a colonial fountain as a central piece and around it. there are some of the most important buildings in Lima.

Lima Cathedral

Lima Cathedral

Lima Cathedral

The cathedral occupies the site where the first major church in Lima once stood. It has with an austere interior decoration, and has genuine historical treasures such as the extraordinary choir stalls of Baltasar Noguera and various colonial altars. In addition keeps the remains of the conqueror Francisco Pizarro.

  • Location: Plaza Mayor of Lima
  • Visiting hours: Monday – Friday 9.00 am – 5.00 pm / saturday 10.00 am – 1.00 pm.

The Government Palace

Palacio de Gobierno Peru

Palacio de Gobierno Peru

The government palace was the residence of the conqueror Francisco Pizarro (1535), It was built on the ground before occupied by Taulichusco, former head of the valley of the Rimac River. Since then the site has been the center of political power in Peru. The building was rebuilt in the 1920s after a fire, and now the building is carefully decorated with outstanding works of art and halls dedicated to important figures in the peruvian history. Today is also the residence ofthe presidential family and every day at 11:45, the Courtyard of Honor is the scenario for the changing of the guard in charge of the glorious battalion of the hussars of Junín.

San Francisco Church

San Francisco Catacumbs

San Francisco Catacumbs

This religious complex was built during the second half of the XVI century by the Lusitano Constantino de Vasconcellos. In its interior stand out 14 side altars of different styles and the choir stalls, carved in cedar wood of Nicaragua. The convent presents extensive interior courtyards, surrounded by arches of stone, in whose passageways preserves part of the original coffered ceiling and  beautiful sockets decorated with tiles from Seville.

In the year of 1951 were discovered the impressive catacombs, where rest more than 70,000 people buried during the first decades of the colonial Lima, which are visited by tourists. It also draws attention  its beautiful library with more than 20,000 ancient texts.

  • Location: Jr. Ancash block 3
  • Visiting Hours: Monday to Sunday 9:30 am – 17:30 pm

Barranco District

Barranco district Lima

Barranco District Lima

This district is known as the bohemian district of Lima, where many artists and writers made this place his residence. In Barranco you will enjoy walking in its piers, streets, parks, squares, and its famous bridge of Sighs. In addition you will have the opportunity to visit some of its stylish cafes, restaurants and at night enjoy your exceptional nightlife.

Miraflores

Miraflores Lima

Miraflores Lima

A prosperous district of great commercial, cultural and touristic movement. Here highlight the prehispanic ruins of HuacaPucllana,The Parque Kennedy and the Larcomar shopping center, where one can see an excellent view of the Pacific Ocean.

San Isidro District

San Isidro, today it is an expression of high architectural, economic and cultural development of Lima city. The district of San Isidro is the business and financial heart of the city. Here highlight the Huaca Huallamarca an ancientprehispanic shrine inherited by the Lima culture, The Olivar Park,an extensive and well kept area ideal for long walks with the children.

The Magic Water Tour

The Magic Tour Lima

The Magic Tour Lima

Located in the district of Santa Beatriz, near the historical center of Lima.This magnificent attraction consists of 13 ornamental water fountains, which, combines lights,music and laser effects creating a wonderful spectacle. This attractive was recognized by the Guinness record in 2009 as the world s largest fountain complex in a public park.

  • Location: Avenida Petit Thouars corner with the Jiron Madre de Dios, Center in Lima, Lima, Peru
  • Visiting hours: Monday to Sunday and holidays from 06:00 am to 13:00 pm ( free admission and fountains in maintenance) Wednesday to Sunday and holidays from 15:00 pm to 22:30 pm(magical Circuit of the water, fountain show)

Archeological Museum rafael Larco Herrera

Museo Larco Herrera

Museo Larco Herrera

Located in a beautiful colonial mansion dating from the eighteenth century and, it was built over a pre-Columbian pyramid of VII century. The museum features several permanent exhibitions like the great room of cultures where shows 5000 years of history, the textiles room  with the presentation of the first textiles remnants, the room of rituals, the golden and jewelry collection with over 1000 gold and silver pieces, the classified deposits  with 45,000 pieces for the public delight and finally its beautiful gardens with spacious terraces. All objects are carefully organized by epochs and regions. 

For specialists there is an area for ​​restoration with laboratories for textiles, ceramics and the metals objects. It also has a café with the best of Peruvian cuisine.

  • Location: Bolívar Avenue 1515, Pueblo Libre.
  • Visiting Hours : From Monday to Sunday from 09:00 am to 22:00 pm. and holidays 24, 25,31,1 December from 09; 00 am  to 18:00 pm

The National Museum of Archaeology, Anthropology and History

The National Museum of Archaeology and History is the oldest one in Peru. It was founded in 1822. This museum is one of the largest in the country by the selection of valuable objects that show. Its rooms features beautiful artworks collections from the pre-Hispanic,colonial and republican era. Among the most valuable works are the Crossed HandsKotosh, the Estela Raimondi from Chavin culture, the Tello Obelisk (Chavin culture),the Paracas mantles and the colonial paintings of the Cuzquenian School. 

  • Location: Plaza Bolivar s /n, Pueblo Libre.
  • Visiting Hours: Tuesday to Saturday from 09: oo am to 17:30 p.m.. Sundays and Holidays from 9:00 to 16:30 p.m..
  • Admission: General ticket s / 10.oo. Students: s / 5.00 s school students/ 1.00

Museo de Oro

Gold Museum boasts a collection of gold objects that belong to pre-hispanic times. In its rooms, are exhibited artworks  such as necklaces, bracelets, earrings, pectorals, nose rings, tumis, ceremonial knives, ceremonial vessels, between various objects. There are also textiles, huacos, ceramics and an interesting collection of weapons from the world of approximately 20,000 pieces in a good condition.

  • Location – This is located in Alonso de Molina 1100, MonterricoSurco.
  • Visiting Hours: Monday to Sunday from 10:30 am to 18:00 pm
  • Admission: Adults S/.33.00.

Museum of the Nation

The Museo de la Nación is one of the most important cultural centers in the country. It has a permanent exhibition called unity in diversity, where show part of all the pre-hispanic civilizations that have existed in Peru. This collection has around 12500 pre-hispanic  objects where stand out collections of ceramics, metals and textiles of the Paracas , Moche, Wari, Lima and other civilizations. Also boast 2500 pieces of colonial,republican,and popular art. In addition, there are temporary exhibitions, and cultural activities.

  • Location: 2465 Javier Prado Este, San Borja.
  • Visiting Hours: from Tuesday to Sunday from 09:00 to 17:00 pm
  • Admission: Free

Museo de Arte de Lima (MALI)

The Museum of Art is in one of the most beautiful buildings of Peru. It was built in 1870 and is considered a jewel of the national architecture. Mali has a collection of more than 12,000 objects, that can be appreciated in their exhibitions of pre-Columbian art, colonial art, photography, textiles, contemporary art, colonial and republican silverware and so much more.

  • Location:  Paseo Colón 125 Parque de la Exposicion Lima
  • Visiting Hours: From Tuesday to Sunday from 10:00 a.m. to 20:00 pm. Saturday until 17:00 pm. Closed on Monday, Labor Day (May 1), Holy Thursday and Good Friday, Christmas (24 and 25 December) and New Year (December 31 and January 1).

Archeological Sites in Lima

The Sacred City of Caral

The precolumbian Caral City

The Sacred City of Caral

The Sacred City of Caral was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The site is considered the oldest civilization of Peru and the Americas (5000 years old),compared with Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, China civilizations. The Caral civilization is one of the cultures that allowed flourish states and cities along the coast and the andes. At the foot of its pyramidal buildings, the ancient people used to gather to worship their gods under the gaze of the political and religious authorities.

  • Location: Caral is located in the Supe Valley, in the province of Barranca, north of Lima, at km. 184 of the Panamericana Norte highway in the North Central area of ​​Peru. 
  • Visiting Hours: Monday to Sunday from 9:00 a.m. to 16:00 p.m.. 
  • Admission: General S / 11.00 / Students S / 4.00

Archaeological Complex of Pachacamac (Lurín)

 Pachacamac Temple

Pachacamac Temple

It was the most important religious center of the Peruvian coast from pre-Inca times. The site houses palaces, squares and temples built with mud (some of which have been restored), among which are the Temple of the Sun and the Acllahuasi (house of the chosen women). Both were built during the Inca period (1440-1533).

  • Location: 31 km south of Lima on the Panamerica Highway 
  • Visiting Hours: Tuesday to Saturday from 9:00 a.m. to 17:00 p.m.. Sundays from 9:00 to 4:00 p.m. 
  • Admission: Adults S / S 10.00 Students / 5.00. School StudentsS / 1.00

Huaca Pucllana

Huaca Pucllana Lima

Huaca Pucllana Lima

This Huaca Pucllana archaeological site belongs to the Lima culture (200 to 700 DC) and is built almost entirely withadobes, filled with pebbles and sand, the Huaca Pucllana is composed of a pyramid of 25 meters in height, and set of squares, and courtyards. The site has an exhibition room, a tour circuit for visitors and other attractions.

  • Location: Located in the Miraflores district
  • Visiting Hours: Wednesday through Monday from 9;00 to 17:00 pm hours. On Tuesdays the Museum is closed for maintenance. There is no attention on January 1, Holy Friday, May 1, July 28 and December 25.
  • Admission: Adults  S/.  1200 Students and teachers S/.  5.00 (With identification) school, children and retirees S/.  1.00

Huallamarca

Huaca Huallamarca Lima

Huaca Huallamarca Lima

formerly called Sugar Loaf, is a construction in the shape of truncated pyramid of the pre-hispanic period. The investigations carried out in the field have allowed us to recognize up to three times of occupation, each one is differentiated by the particular role that gave him being temple, cemetery and village later. Its construction datesapproximately to the first century before our era and then was abandoned in the III century and converted into cemetery. On this site have been found burials corresponding to Lima, HuauraSicanChincha and Yshsma cultures

  • Location: Avenida Nicolás de Rivera 201 – San Isidro
  • Visiting hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 9:00 a.m. to 17:00 p.m.
  • Admission: Adukts S/.  5.00 Students S/.  3.00 Children S/.  1.00

The Best of Lima Cuisine

Lima is known as the capital of the gastronomy of South America, thanks to the variety of products and a rich culinary heritage of more than five centuries. Peruvian cuisine is an exquisite mixture culinary secrets of the pre-Hispanic, and colonial time. Also received influences of the oriental and European food. Now Lima offers to the visitors a wide variety oftypical dishes and exquisite food with the best combination of flavors of America to delight even the most discerning palates of the world. Among the main dishes of Lima cuisine are:

Ceviche or Cebiche

Ceviche Peruvian Cousine

Ceviche Peruvian Cousine

Ceviche is a representative and exquisite dish of the Peruvian country. It is the most famous dish of the country. Consists of fish cooked in lemon, served cold with chili (aji limo) and onion. In Lima there are a number of restaurants known as cevicherias that serve this emblematic dish in its various forms.

Lomo Saltado

Lomo Saltado gastronomía peruana

Lomo Saltado gastronomía peruana

It is a typical dish of the cuisine of Peru whose records date back to the late nineteenth century, it arises from the Chinese-Cantonese influence, containing seasoning and mix of Peruvian Creole cuisine with the oriental food. It consists of beef, salt, pepper, cumin, paprika, onion, garlic, green pepper, red or white vinegar, soy sauce, tomato, parsley, oil fried potatoes and sometimes a dash of Pisco (emblematic drink).

 

Causa Limeña 

Causa Limeña

Causa Limeña

The Causa Limeña  is a popular dish produced from yellow potatoes boiled and seasoned with ground pepper and stuffed chicken or tuna.

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